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Great Ideas of Psychology

Great Ideas of Psychology
English | avi | 48 Lectures x 30 min | DivX 6 720x480 | MPEG3 48000Hz stereo 128Kbps | 12.64 Gb
Genre: E-learning

If you've ever wanted to delve more deeply into the mysteries of human emotion, perception, and cognition, and of why we do what we do, this course offers a superb place to start. As you hear these lectures, you hear the entire history of psychology unfold. And you learn that the subject most of us today associate with names like Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and B. F. Skinner really began thousands of years earlier. In the hands of Professor Daniel N. Robinson, this course roams far and wide, encompassing ideas, speculations, and point-blank moral questions that might just dismantle and rebuild everything you once thought you knew about psychology.

Witness the Debate over Psychology's Very Existence
In fact, you not only learn what psychology is, but even if it is, as Professor Robinson discusses the constantly shifting debate over the nature of psychology itself. You see one school of thought after another enter the fray, trying to determine how this strange thing called the human "mind" is to be understood, studied, and treated:

* Are we an entity that simply perceives an external world and piles one experience upon another in order to learn?
* Could such a process even happen without an intervening rationality to make sense of it all?
* Or is "mind" itself merely an unobservable illusion, leaving the science of psychology with little more to study than the actual physical realities of body and brain?

It's a debate that has raged for centuries, and to take this course is to see the question and its implications with a new clarity.

A Multidisciplinary Teacher of Exceptional Skills
Originally trained as a neuropsychologist, Professor Robinson's decades of lecturing and distinguished scholarship have also established him as an authority in the fields of philosophical psychology, the history of psychology, and the junction of psychology and law. So it is no surprise that he brings clarity, coherence, and comprehensiveness to this stimulating treatment of psychological speculation, debate, and investigation through the ages. We think you'll agree that he has crafted a fascinating and immensely thought-provoking course?one that is philosophically well-grounded, scientifically informative, and engagingly presented by a true master of the teaching art. It is a course, in short, for the "seeker" in you, designed to satisfy your need to know, your willingness to self-examine, and your restless curiosity about the world around you. In fact, the array of ideas, cases, and issues you encounter is so remarkable, embracing so diverse a spectrum of thinkers and subjects, that you might find it hard to believe you're taking just a "psychology" course.

Some of What You Will Learn
Lecture by lecture, Professor Robinson navigates from one subject to the next, and you follow along as he recreates a Platonic dialogue; explains brain physiology; or explores the intricacies of middle ear construction, the psychological underpinnings of the Salem witch trials, and the history of the insanity defense. Among other things, you learn:

* how a brilliant young scientist's temporary blindness led to pioneering research in sensory psychology
* why some survivors of hydrocephaly can function normally despite having lost as much as two-fifths of their brain mass
* what G?del's Incompleteness Theorem suggests about claims for the existence of Artificial Intelligence
* how the once-prestigious, now-derided "sciences" of phrenology and mesmerism contributed to psychological knowledge
* why David Hume held that causality itself is essentially a psychological phenomenon, and what his fellow philosopher and Scotsman Thomas Reid argued in response
* what happened when a Stanford psychologist and his students decided to study "being sane in insane places" by getting themselves committed to a mental institution
* why Aristotle believed that a virtuous civic life is the prior condition of individual psychic flourishing
* how the brain is able to "rewire" itself to compensate for particular traumas at an early age
* if high heritability determines how much the environment influences the value of a trait.

Three Powerful Traditions
Professor Robinson explains how the different traditions of psychology and their rich intellectual histories relate to the "great debate of the ages" about being, knowledge, freedom, and the sources of and standards for human conduct. Thus you learn how the three great intellectual traditions of materialism, empiricism, and rationalism?each one an answer to the basic questions of being and knowledge?powerfully influence the theory and practice of psychology to this day. Along the way, you'll meet Freud, Skinner, Jung, Watson, Piaget, Erikson, and other giants. But you also learn why Homer, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Hume, and Kant must also be counted among the founders of psychology.

An Exceptional Range of Brilliant Thinkers
And that's only a small sampling of the exceptional range of brilliant thinkers whose ideas have contributed to the subject of this course. You encounter these great minds as you:

* study the contributions made to the understanding of human knowledge, volition, and the mind-body problem by great philosophers and scientists, including Bacon, Descartes, Newton, Leibniz, and Mill
* probe the sources of our capacities for altruism, learning, language, conformity, and aggression
* share correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, David Hume and Thomas Reid, and Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung
* think through a thought experiment on human freedom
* review the insights gleaned from famous neurological cases such as that of "Broca's brain"
* sail to the Galapagos Islands with Darwin
* ponder the insights and perplexities of psychoanalysis with Freud
* ponder the provocative discussion of the moral implications of a true Artificial Intelligence?a thinking computer?and whether such a machine would have "rights," including the right not to be turned off; i.e., the right to life.

As Professor Robinson remarks at the end of that particular lecture, "If you don't have at least one sleepless night over these possibilities, then I've been less than clear."

Course Lecture Titles
01. Defining the Subject
02. Ancient Foundations?Greek Philosophers and Physicians
03. Minds Possessed?Witchery and the Search for Explanations
04. The Emergence of Modern Science?Locke's ?Newtonian? Theory of Mind
05. Three Enduring ?Isms??Empiricism, Rationalism, Materialism
06. Sensation and Perception
07. The Visual Process
08. Hearing
09. Signal-Detection Theory
10. Perceptual Constancies and Illusions
11. Learning and Memory: Associationism?Aristotle to Ebbinghaus
12. Pavlov and the Conditioned Reflex
13. Watson and American Behaviorism
14. B.F. Skinner and Modern Behaviorism
15. B.F. Skinner and the Engineering of Society
16. Language
17. The Integration of Experience
18. Perception and Attention
19. Cognitive "Maps," "Insight," and Animal Minds
20. Memory Revisited?Mnemonics and Context
21. Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development
22. The Development of Moral Reasoning
23. Knowledge, Thinking, and Understanding
24. Comprehanding the World of Experience?Cognition Summarized
25. Psychobiology?Nineteenth-Century Foundations
26. Language and the Brain
27. Rationality, Problem-Solving, and Brain Function
28. The "Emotional" Brain?The Limbic System
29. Violence and the Brain
30. Psychopathology?The Medical Model
31. Artificial Intelligence and the Neurocognitive Revolution
32. Is Artificial Intelligence "Intelligent"?
33. What Makes an Event "Social"?
34. Socialization?Darwin and the "Natural History" Method
35. Freud's Debt to Darwin
36. Freud, Breuer, and the Theory of Repression
37. Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development
38. Critiques of Freudian Theory
39. What Is "Personality"?
40. Obedience and Conformity
41. Altruism
42. Prejudice and Self-Deception
43. On Being Sane in Insane Places
44. Intelligence
45. Personality Traits and the Problem of Assessment
46. Genetic Psychology and "The Bell Curve"
47. Psychological and Biological Determinism
48. Civic Development?Psychology, the Person, and the Polis

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